Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL | HackerRank Solution

Hello coders, today we are going to solve Weather Observation Station 5 HackerRank Solution in SQL.

Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL

Contents

Problem

Query the two cities in STATION with the shortest and longest CITY names, as well as their respective lengths (i.e.: number of characters in the name). If there is more than one smallest or largest city, choose the one that comes first when ordered alphabetically.
The STATION table is described as follows:

STATION

FieldType
IDNUMBER
CITYVARCHAR2(21)
STATEVARCHAR2(2)
LAT_NNUMBER
LONG_WNUMBER

where LAT_N is the northern latitude and LONG_W is the western longitude.

Sample Input

For example, CITY has four entries: DEF, ABC, PQRS and WXY.

Sample Output

ABC 3
PQRS 4

Explanation

When ordered alphabetically, the CITY names are listed as ABC, DEF, PQRS, and WXY, with lengths 3, 3, 4 and 3. The longest name is PQRS, but there are 3 options for shortest named city. Choose ABC, because it comes first alphabetically.

Note
You can write two separate queries to get the desired output. It need not be a single query.

Solution – Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL

MYSQL

select city c, length(city) l
from   station
order by l desc, c asc
limit 1;

select city c, length(city) l
from   station
order by l asc, c asc
limit 1;

Disclaimer: The above Problem (Weather Observation Station 5) is generated by Hacker Rank but the Solution is Provided by CodingBroz. This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning Purpose.

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