Ruby Blocks – HackerRank Solution

In this post, we will solve Ruby Blocks HackerRank Solution. This problem (Ruby Blocks) is a part of HackerRank Ruby series.

Problem

Higher order functions are one of the key components of functional programming.

A higher order function is a tool that takes other functions as parameters or returns them as a result.

Blocks are nameless methods that can be passed to another method as a parameter.
Passing a block to a method is a great way of data abstraction.

Blocks can either be defined with a keyword do ... end or curly braces { ... }.

Example:

a). Passing a block to a method that takes no parameter

CODE

def call_block
    puts "Start of method."
    yield
    puts "End of method."
end 
call_block do 
    puts "I am inside call_block method."
end

OUTPUT

Start of method.
I am inside call_block method.
End of method.

In this example, a block is passed to the call_block method.
To invoke this block inside the method, we used a keyword, yield.
Calling yield will execute the code within the block that is provided to the method.

b). Passing a block to a method that takes one or more parameters.

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CODE

def calculate(a,b)
    yield(a, b)
end

puts calculate(15, 10) {|a, b| a - b}   

OUTPUT

5

In this example, we have defined a method calculate that takes two parameters a and b.
The yield statement invokes the block with parameters a and b, and executes it.


Task

You are given a partially complete code. Your task is to fill in the blanks (_______).
The factorial method computes: n! { n x n – 1 x . . . 2 x 1 }.

Solution – Ruby Blocks – HackerRank Solution

def factorial
  yield
end

n = gets.to_i
factorial do 
  puts (1..n).inject(:*)
end

Note: This problem (Ruby Blocks) is generated by HackerRank but the solution is provided by CodingBroz. This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning purpose.

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