Day 13: Abstract Classes | 30 Days Of Code | HackerRank Solution

Hello coders, today we are going to solve Day 13: Abstract Classes HackerRank Solution in C++, Java and Python.

Day 13: Abstract Classes

Contents

Objective

Today, we will extend what we learned yesterday about Inheritance to Abstract Classes. Because this is a very specific object oriented concept, submissions are limited to the few languages that use this construct.

Task

Given a Book class and a Solution class, write a MyBook class that does the following:

  • Inherits from Book
  • Has a parameterized constructor taking these 3 parameters:
    1. string title
    2. string author
    3. int price
  • Implements the Book class’ abstract display() method so it prints these  lines:
    1. Title: , a space, and then the current instance’s title.
    2. Author:, a space, and then the current instance’s author.
    3. Price:, a space, and then the current instance’s price.

Note: Because these classes are being written in the same file, you must not use an access modifier (e.g.:public ) when declaring MyBook or your code will not execute.

Input Format

You are not responsible for reading any input from stdin. The Solution class creates a Book object and calls the MyBook class constructor (passing it the necessary arguments). It then calls the display method on the Book object.

Output Format

The void display() method should print and label the respective titleauthor, and price of the MyBook object’s instance (with each value on its own line) like so:

Title: $title
Author: $author
Price: $price

Note: The $ is prepended to variable names to indicate they are placeholders for variables.

Sample Input

The following input from stdin is handled by the locked stub code in your editor:

The Alchemist
Paulo Coelho
248

Sample Output

The following output is printed by your display() method:

Title: The Alchemist
Author: Paulo Coelho
Price: 248

Solution – Day 13: Abstract Classes

C++

#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
class Book{
    protected:
        string title;
        string author;
    public:
        Book(string t,string a){
            title=t;
            author=a;
        }
        virtual void display()=0;

};
class MyBook : Book{
    private:
    int price;
    public:
    MyBook(string t,string a,int price):Book(t,a){
        this->price = price;
    }
    void display(){
        cout << "Title: " << title << endl << "Author: " << author << endl << "Price: " << price << endl;
    }
};
int main() {
    string title,author;
    int price;
    getline(cin,title);
    getline(cin,author);
    cin>>price;
    MyBook novel(title,author,price);
    novel.display();
    return 0;
}

Java

import java.util.*;

abstract class Book {
    String title;
    String author;
    
    Book(String title, String author) {
        this.title = title;
        this.author = author;
    }
    
    abstract void display();
}
class MyBook extends Book{
    int price;
    
    MyBook(String title,String author,int price ){
        super(title,author);
        this.price=price;
    } 
    void display()
    {
    System.out.println("Title: "+title);
    System.out.println("Author: "+author);
    System.out.println("Price: "+price);
    }
}
public class Solution {
   
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
        String title = scanner.nextLine();
        String author = scanner.nextLine();
        int price = scanner.nextInt();
        scanner.close();

        Book book = new MyBook(title, author, price);
        book.display();
    }
}

Python

from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod
class Book(object, metaclass=ABCMeta):
    def __init__(self,title,author):
        self.title=title
        self.author=author   
    @abstractmethod
    def display(): pass
class MyBook(Book):
    def __init__(self, title, author, price):
        super().__init__(title, author)
        self.price = price

    def display(self):
        print("Title: " + self.title + "\nAuthor: " + self.author + "\nPrice: " + str(self.price))
title=input()
author=input()
price=int(input())
new_novel=MyBook(title,author,price)
new_novel.display()

Disclaimer: The above Problem (Day 13: Abstract Classes) is generated by Hacker Rank but the Solution is Provided by CodingBroz. This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning Purpose.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.